Tag Archives: Euthanasia

Culture and End of Life Care: A Scoping Exercise in Seven European Countries

A recently published article from the PRISMA project provides a general overview of cultural issues in end of life care in seven European countries.

The abstract can be found below or the full article can be accessed here.

Aim

Culture is becoming increasingly important in relation to end of life (EoL) care in a context of globalization, migration and European integration. We explore and compare socio-cultural issues that shape EoL care in seven European countries and critically appraise the existing research evidence on cultural issues in EoL care generated in the different countries.

Methods

We scoped the literature for Germany, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy and Portugal, carrying out electronic searches in 16 international and country-specific databases and handsearches in 17 journals, bibliographies of relevant papers and webpages. We analysed the literature which was unearthed, in its entirety and by type (reviews, original studies, opinion pieces) and conducted quantitative analyses for each country and across countries. Qualitative techniques generated themes and sub-themes.

Results

A total of 868 papers were reviewed. The following themes facilitated cross-country comparison: setting, caregivers, communication, medical EoL decisions, minority ethnic groups, and knowledge, attitudes and values of death and care. The frequencies of themes varied considerably between countries. Sub-themes reflected issues characteristic for specific countries (e.g. culture-specific disclosure in the southern European countries). The work from the seven European countries concentrates on cultural traditions and identities, and there was almost no evidence on ethnic minorities.

Conclusion

This scoping review is the first comparative exploration of the cultural differences in the understanding of EoL care in these countries. The diverse body of evidence that was identified on socio-cultural issues in EoL care, reflects clearly distinguishable national cultures of EoL care, with differences in meaning, priorities, and expertise in each country. The diverse ways that EoL care is understood and practised forms a necessary part of what constitutes best evidence for the improvement of EoL care in the future.

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Book Review: The Maintenance of Life: Preventing Social Death through Euthanasia Talk and End-of-Life Care – Lessons from the Netherlands

Frances Norwood’s book ‘The Maintenance of Life: Preventing Social Death through Euthanasia Talk and End- of-Life Care – Lessons from the Netherlands’ provides an in-depth look into end-of-life care in the Netherlands and how legal euthanasia has helped to shape this landscape.

The book draws on 15 months of qualitative data including direct observation and in-depth interviews with general practitioners, end-of-life patients and their family members.

Norwood argues that conversations concerning euthanasia rarely culminate in a euthanasia death. Furthermore, these discussions open up a more general discussion about end-of-life between patients, their families and healthcare professionals. They can provide a space for patients to talk about their suffering, reaffirming social bonds and self-identity, helping to prevent “social death.”

Norwood examines how the euthanasia policy in the Netherlands has shaped the experience of patients at the end-of-life and how this compares with the situation in the United States.

Reviewer – Erin VW Andrew